What is Fixed Wiring Inspection & Testing

What is Fixed Wire Testing?

The term Fixed Wiring Inspection & Testing generally refers to the inspection & testing activity of the electrical installation within a building. Fixed Wire Testing involves testing the systems that conduct electricity around a building this being the electrical wiring and systems between the incoming electrical supply and final circuits; e.g. plug sockets, isolators, lights etc.

It would not refer to equipment which is plugged in or wired into spurred sockets or isolators. Please refer to our Fixed Equipment Testing for more information.

Electrical Fixed Wiring Inspection &Testing can also be generally referred to as; Fixed Wire Inspection, Periodic Inspection and Testing, or Electrical Installation Testing.

It is a legal requirement?

The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 is an act of parliament which places a duty on all employers to; ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health and safety and welfare at work of all their employees.

Within the act there is a provision for regulations which cover the legal requirement pertaining to specific subject areas and The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 covers electrical systems within occupied premises. The regulations make reference to various standard codes of practice (ACOP), British Standards and guidance notes which have been published by bodies other than the Health and Safety Executive. These provide best practice guidance for complying with the regulations. For Fixed Wiring Inspection & Testing these include;

British Standard BS7671 – Requirements for Electrical Installations, IET Wiring Regulations
IET Inspection & Testing Guidance Note 3
HSE Electricity at Work – Safe working Practices
HSE memorandum of guidance on the Electricity at Work Regulations 1989
The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 section 3a states that an employer or self-employed person is to comply with the provisions of these regulations in so far as they relate to matters which are within his/her control. It’s also worth noting that regulation 3 (2a) states that it is a duty of every employee, whilst at work, to cooperate with his/her employer so far as is necessary to enable any duty placed on an employer by the provisions of these regulations to be complied with.

The Electricity at work regulations 1989 impose duties on “employers” and “duty holders” in respect to electrical systems, electrical equipment and conductors.

The purpose of the regulations is to prevent death or personal injury to any person from electrical causes in connection with work activities.

Employers and self-employed people must comply with the provisions of the Electricity at work regulations 1989. Regulation 4 (2) states that as necessary to prevent danger, all systems shall be maintained so as to prevent, so far as reasonably practicable, such danger.

A duty holder can demonstrate compliance with the regulations, in respect to their electrical installation, by employing a competent company to carry out an electrical fixed wire inspection and test of their premises.

fixed wire testing

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Electrical test midlands are proud to have awarded fixed wire testing works for Optima housing. Etm was up against some large blue chip companies however Etm was awarded the contract for the their very best in health and safety compliance and proven track record with working with some of the larger and well known companies.

This contract will increase the brand Etm and will secure more employment locally

Fixed Wire Testing Observations

fixed wire testing header

Fixed Wire Testing Observations
Observations could be things which are wrong with your installation that need rectifying and they are coded.

Fixed Wire Testing is a legal requirement and it is governed by the IET Wiring Regulations Seventeenth Edition also referred to as BS 7671. Electrical Test Midlands (ETM) will supply you with an Electrical Installation Condition Report on completion of testing. This test will indicate any problems or observations, these are coded, but what do they mean?

Got a question about Fixed Wire Testing?

Speak to our friendly team on 01922 710014

Observations could be things which are wrong with your installation that need rectifying and they are coded. A list of these can be found on page two of your Fixed Wiring Report otherwise known as an Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR). The observations or defects are coded according to their danger level, the codes are C1, C2, C3 and FI.
A Code 1 (C1) observation means ‘Danger present. Risk of injury. Immediate remedial action required.’ It is an immediate threat and should be rectified or made safe as soon as possible. An example of a C1 defect would be accessible live conductors due to damage, poorly modified enclosures or removed maintenance panels. Incorrect polarity would also attract a code C1 as it may allow conductive parts, not normally expected to be live, to become live.
The presence of a code C1 warrants immediate action to be taken which would be to inform the duty holder or responsible person for the installation immediately, both verbally and in writing, of the risk of injury that exists.
A Code 2 (C2) is a potentially dangerous defect, these might be things that don’t pose an immediate threat but are likely to become a danger in the future. A C2 is described as ‘Potentially dangerous – urgent remedial action required.’
The phrase “potentially dangerous”, in the C2 code is designed to point towards a risk of injury from contact with live parts after a sequence of events. A sequence of events could mean that an individual may gain access to live parts through a day to day task that would not be expected to give access to live parts.
An observation code FI is described as ‘Further investigation required without delay.’ This means that your electrical contractor has observed something whilst carrying out the testing for instance emergency lights seem very dim. This might not have been covered in the report so they have noted it separately as code FI.
Codes C1 and C2 attract unsatisfactory report findings and you’ll have to have these defects rectified in order to prove compliance. A report could also be classed as unsatisfactory if the only fault codes are FI. An example would be when there are lots of circuits that are not verified at the time of testing, this is because the inspector would not be able to categorically say that these circuits are safe or not.

Code 3 is described as ‘Improvement recommended.’ This means it does not comply with the regulations but isn’t actually dangerous. A code C3 should imply that the installation is not necessarily dangerous but it may not comply with the current version of the regulations or for example, may have damaged fittings that do not have exposed live parts. A code C3, in itself, should not warrant an overall unsatisfactory report.
You will need to address C1, C2 and FI faults on your report in order to achieve compliance. However it’s always good practice and usually well worthwhile considering rectifying all faults on site. Remember you aren’t obliged to use the same electrical contractor to test and to carry out repairs. For greater piece of mind you can also use someone else to fix the defects, also bear in mind that you don’t need to have the whole installation re tested after the repairs have been completed. Once faults have been rectified and your electrician has issued you with the relevant paperwork, Electrical Installation Certificate (EIC) or Minor Works Certificate (MW) these should be kept together with the EICR to prove all faults have been rectified in accordance with BS7671.
Electrical Test Midlands will issue you with an Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR). If the unthinkable happens and someone receives a shock from part of your installation or if there is an electrical fire in your building then a court, inquest or insurance company will want to refer to the Fixed Wire Testing report which makes this document very important.
Electrical Test Midlands specialize in providing tailored electrical testing solutions in PAT Testing, Fixed Wire Testing and Thermal Imaging.

If you have any questions or would like to book an appointment then call 01922 710014 or email admin@electricaltestmidlands.com

Electrical Installation Condition Report

Simply fill out the form to get a quote. We guarantee local West Bromwich engineers, experts in the industry, state of the art equipment and easy online reporting. With prices starting from £6.50 per panel.
fixed wire testing

What work is completed during an Electrical Installation Condition Report?

An Electrical Installation Condition Report is an in-depth inspection and test of the existing electrical installation and is reported on a form that complies with the current wiring regulations, BS7671:2008 as amended in 2011.

The first part of the inspection is to visually inspect all the accessible electrical accessories like socket outlets, switches, etc. 10% of these items will be inspected internally by opening them up to expose the wiring and terminals to establish if there is anything to suggest poor installation or quality of wiring.
All electrical equipment is then inspected for the presence of bonding conductors, the correct type and location of switchgear and that the installation is being used correctly.
Once the inspection phase has been completed, a detailed test of each circuit is carried out to determine that the safety measures that have been put in place will operate correctly if an electrical fault ever occurs. This includes determining that the earth fault path is effective enough to result in automatic disconnection of the electric supply in the event of a fault, that the wiring is in good condition and that the residual current device (RCD) operates quickly enough to avoid any danger to colleagues, customers and members of the public.
Unlike others, we then use a thermal imaging camera for the areas we can and can’t see to capture hot spots on distribution boards or switch gear, to identify any areas which are overloaded and weak points which could cause breakdown or even fire in some cases.

Electrical Installation Condition Report from Electrical Test Midlands is the answer!
Once we’ve completed the inspection and testing of all the above, you’ll get a Electrical Installation Condition Report. Our report will identify any deficiencies in your electrical set-up against the national safety standard for electrical installations. This report can then be used to confirm you have complied with all regulations and it can be kept for any Health and Safety audits.

electrical safety testing

loose connections
loose connections

The pictures shows a circuit breaker that we recently removed from a client’s critical infrastructure premises following on from a fault. The terminations were loose and as a result this caused overheating on the circuit. Fortunately the fault was identified before any serious damage was caused.
This could have quite easily led to the whole distribution board going up in flames, and who knows what the repercussions of that could have been. As well as the possible safety issues relating to this, there was some considerable downtime incurred too which had a commercial impact on the client.
So, the moral of the story is, don’t underestimate the benefits of operating a good planned maintenance and inspection programme!
Inspection and test
One good reason for carrying out electrical safety testing on your building. Loose connections found while carrying out electrical safety testing.
Loose connections could cause a fire, this fault would be classed as a C1 Fail Code -Danger Present. Risk of injury. Immediate remedial action required.
The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989-Reg 4(2) state “The need for maintenance to be done to ensure safety”. As such all commercial premises must be electrically tested and certified to ensure they can continue to be used safety.
BS7671 wiring regulations to the latest edition sets out the requirements for all electrical installations in the UK. The Institute of Engineers and Technology (IET) produce guidance notes to enlarge on the wiring regulations and set out guidance on how compliance can be achieved. Guidance Note 3 covers the Inspection & testing of Electrical Installations.
An electrical installation should be periodically inspected by a qualified electrical engineer. ETM (Electrical Test Midlands) are experts in this field and will advise any customer who may be unsure of the periodicity or scope of the Inspection & Test.

For more information on electrical testing please phone us on 01922 710014

Or use our free phone number 0800 066 3227

Building Regulations


As an NICEIC Competent Persons Scheme (CPS) registered firm am I required to issue Building Regulation Compliance certificates when I have undertaken notifiable work?

YES – And as part of your annual assessment we need to check that you are complying with Regulation 20 of the Building Regulations 2010 which applies to England & Wales.
DCLG require us to have systems in place to ensure that our CPS registered firms can and do notify all jobs carried out under the scheme.
All jobs carried out under the scheme must be notified to us within 25 days of completion to allow us to process them and provide the occupier with the Buildings Regulation Compliance certificate, as well as informing the relevant local authority on your behalf.


NICEIC is the UK’s leading voluntary regulatory body for the electrical contracting industry. Regulating 26,000 contractors for almost 60 years, it is an essential to any electrician who values their trade.

Fixed Wire Testing

Fixed Wire Testing
Fixed Wire Testing

Fixed Wire Testing is the testing of the electrical installations within a building to ensure they are safe & compliant, and employers are legally required to ensure, as far as is reasonably practical, the health, safety and welfare of their employees. Fixed wire testing is a crucial part of that requirement.

Testing your buildings electrical installations also provides additional benefits to you, identifying areas where you can reduce electrical energy usage, helping with your green credentials as well as saving you costs.

Is your business complaint?
Do you know when your next periodic fixed wire test is due and are fully aware of the regulations, as well as the requirements that your testing provider must adhere to ensure that your certification is valid?

Electrical test midlands provide the services that ensure our customers can prove they have taken the necessary steps with periodic fixed wire testing to comply with the regulations and practices required.

Our technical knowledge, quality of service and values have enabled us to be the provider of choice, winning large contracts such as john Lewis, Waitrose and asda stores, which are testament to the trusted supplier status we have with our customers.

The below information covers all the key areas with regards to fixed wire testing, obligations and legal requirements along with Electrical test midlands values & approach, expertise and capabilities along with the added value services we provide our customers, including best practice, secure reporting and remedial works.

Take advantage of our free assessment, simply fill in the form and we will contact you to discuss your requirements and arrange a suitable appointment date and time. Reducing the risk that you may not be compliant and giving you peace of mind that you are covered.?

Fixed Wire Testing


What’s included in Fixed Wire Testing?

The term Fixed Wiring Inspection &Testing generally refers to the inspection & testing activity of the electrical installation within a building. This being the electrical wiring and systems between the incoming electrical supply and final circuits; eg plug sockets, isolators, lights etc.

It would not refer to equipment which is plugged in or wired into spurred sockets or isolators. Please refer to our Fixed Equipment Testing for more information on our website.

A duty holder can demonstrate compliance with the regulations, in respect to their electrical installation, by employing a competent company to carry out an electrical fixed wire inspection and test of their premises. We hope that company would be Electrical test midlands (ETM).

fixed wire testing


Why do I have to have fixed wire testing tests performed periodically?

The Institute of Engineering and Technology (IET) produce guidance note 3 which incorporates 17th edition IET wiring regulations to BS7671. Section 3 of the guidance covers Electrical Periodic Inspection and Testing.

Periodic Inspection and testing is required because an electrical installation will deteriorate over time due to a number of factors such as; damage, wear and tear, corrosion, excessive electrical loading, ageing and environmental influences.

Guidance Note 3 states that a frequency of periodic inspections should be established, taking into account the type of electrical installation, the type of use, equipment used, the maintenance regime in use, and the environment.

Electrical test midlands are experts in this area and we would be happy to survey your premises, examine previous reports, review your maintenance regime and advise you on the correct frequency and scope of test to ensure your statutory compliance

fixed wire testing

fixed wire testing header Electrical safety and compliance testing from Electrical test Midlands

Keeping you safe is our Business

How do you ensure that you are managing your electrical risks responsibly and complying with the terms of your insurance policy?

Our electrical experts can help you determine what tests you need and advise you of the recommended electrical test frequency. Our engineers are based throughout the UK, so you benefit from our national testing services and our local and experienced staff.

Keeping you safe is our Business

Fixed wiring inspection and test (I&T)
•You will receive an independent condition report that identifies any deviations from current regulations
•We will inform you on-site of any failures requiring immediate repair. We can then assist you in carrying out remedial works if required
•Online access to our online portal which allows you to view your electrical safety testing reports free of charge 24-7

Keeping you safe is our Business

Portable appliance testing (PAT)
•The Health & Safety Executive (HSE) states that 25% of all re portable electrical accidents involve portable appliances so keep your building and staff safe with our portable appliance testing service
•You will receive full certification of appliances as evidence for the Health and Safety Authority and your insurance company
•Your portable appliances will be tagged with a bar coded system for easy identification

Keeping you safe is our Business

Thermal imaging surveys
•Our non intrusive service is an ideal way of carrying out electrical safety inspections as part of your routine maintenance
•Photographic evidence identifying any defects can reduce unplanned maintenance charges
•Identify where heat is being lost from your building and reduce your energy waste
•Finding a loose connection or overloaded component in your electrical switch gear can prevent the risk of fire that may not be detected by a visual inspection

Keeping you safe is our Business

Energy efficiency reports
•Monitor your energy pattern over a 7 day period to identify: if energy is wasted; if there is poor power factor; if there are any phase current imbalances
•You will be provided with a graphical indication of your energy usage, and we can advise you on how to improve your energy consumption and save money